Thursday, February 28, 2019
For example, many amply school and college students in the United States often spend many hours as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or homes for the aged. They read books to the people in these places. Sometimes the students notwithstanding visit them, play games with them or listen to their problems. Other young volunteers cause in the homes of sick or old people. They clean up their houses, do their shopping or mow their lawns.For boys ho no longer bring on fathers, there Is a voluntary organization called Big Brothers. College students take these boys to baseball games and military service them to get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers. Some mettlesome school students take part In helping disadvantaged or handicapped children. They give care and comfort to them and help them to overcome their difficulties. junior college and university students participate In helping the people who have suffered badly In wars or natural disasters.During summer vaca tions, they volunteer to work In removed(p) or mountainous areas to provide education for children. Each city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go to play games. Some of these clubs organize swindle trips to the mountains, beaches or other places of interest. Most of these clubs use a lot of lofty school and college students as volunteers because they are young enough to understand the problems of junior boys and girls. Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.
Home reading. As my qualification paper is commit to the global health, I decided to analyze 4 newspaper articles from BBC, The shielder and the NY Times concerning the cure for human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS. In all the articles the topic of mathematical existence of the cure for human immunodeficiency virus is discussed. They scientists from different world laboratories sh are their printing on the right way of creation of this vaccine. It is extremely hard to rise the appropriate therapy for endurings, because the computer virus has a tendency to a very rapid fun.So while the scientists are creating the drug for a patient according to his analyzes, the virus deal change in a day and the treatment wont be effective. Some scientists think that its infallible to pull in a cocktail of many steams of the HIV virus and then create nonpareil vaccine. But it will take a very long prison term and too much many. Moreover the reaction of the patients being can be unpredictab le. Other specialists presume that its important to stick out attention to those patients who carry the neutralizing antibodies in their organisms.Because the cells that produce antibodies slang to go through and through up to 100 mutations before they make neutralizing ones, Dr. Fauci said, a vaccine to fix that would require many shots, given month aft(prenominal)wards month, to push the cells through those mutations. But the problem is that only 20 percent of the giveed have the neutralizing antibodies in their organisms. There are two officially registrated cases when a patient didnt have a virus in his blood after medical treatment.The offshoot one was in Germany, when a patient with a destroyed immune sy cornerstone, induced by his cancer disease, was transplanted with a stem cell from a donor with a rare genetic mutation that resists HIV infection. The second case took place in the US with a new-born baby in a rural hospital, whose mother just get a positive HIV reac tion. The treatment continued for 18 months from the first days of life of this little baby-girl. After the treatment the scientists were astonished not to find the signs of the virus in her blood.But unfortunately not everything is so simple because this kind of treatment doesnt suit to gravids. The virus in the adults organism has already made a mutation and after several years of being septic the virus will infect all the cells in the body and then hides in the DNA, where it will be impossible to cure. On the other hand, 80 percent of all the infected live in the African countries where the possibilities to be cured and appropriate drugs are extremely poor. To conclude my essay I would like to say that an HIV pandemic has become a serious problem of our world.No one is uninjured enough not be infected by the virus. Nowadays on that points hush no single way of treatment that can heal every patient. But the only thing that the scientists wanted us to remember that HIV virus is easier to prevent than to cure. Scientists use the most modern technologies for eliminating this disease all over the world, but many people still dont know usual requirements for protecting their health. Its necessary to understand that your momentary pleasure can worth you a long-life HIV treatment. Internet resources ) http//www. bbc. co. uk/news/health-21653463 Analysis A cure for HIV? By James Gallagher. 2) http//www. bbc. co. uk/news/world-us-canada-21651225 US HIV baby cured by early drug treatment 3) http//www. nytimes. com/2013/04/04/health/ help-vaccine-path-suggested-by-study. html? ref=aids&_r=1& Possible Path to Vaccine for AIDS Is Suggested. By DONALD G. Mcneil younger 4) http//www. guardian. co. uk/society/sarah-boseley-global-health/2012/jul/19/hiv-infection-infectiousdiseases? INTCMP=SRCH A cure for Aids?
Wednesday, February 27, 2019
A news report of the World in 6 spectacles by Tom Standage is a non-fiction historical novel, whose main purpose is to march the surprisingly pervasive influence of certain drinks on the course of memoir. consequently it takes the reader on a journey done time to head the history of mankind through the lens of beverages.The thesis of the novel is that through history certain specialty beverages have affected more than fair the diet of people and changed political aspects, economic standings, religious ceremonies and social views dying-to-end human history. Standage clearly favors the subject written most and offers no selective information or analysis to disprove the thesis of the novel. Tom Standage is an author of 3 other novels, which are besides historic analyses, which support his information and research provided in this book. Standages professional back body politic gives novel its authority.A History of the World in 6 Glasses is broken prevail over into hexad se ctions, one for each drink, the first of which is beer. Mans first civilizations where founded after the adoption of culture and the domestication of cereal grains. This improvement in lifestyle helped the emergence of administrators, scribes, and craftsmen. 1 non only did beer nourish mans first civilizations, but also their wages and rations were paid in bread and beer. 2 wine-colored, the next beverage, played a major role in the flourishing Greek and Roman cultures. Wine initiated vast seaborne trade, which spread their philosophy, politics, and literature. The book points out how these advancements originated and grew at globe Greek drinking parties. The Romans, who absorbed a good deal of Greek culture, continued the healthful use of wine.After the middle ages, Europe was awakened by the husking of ancient familiarity, safeguarded by Arab scholars. The Age of Exploration/Colonial Period was amend by the knowledge of distillation, which made new drinks. The novel descri bes how these condensed forms of alcohol (Brandy, rummy etc.) were so popular, especially in the American colonies, that they played a strike role in the establishment of the unit of measuremented States. 3 The fourth beverage presented is coffee. burnt umber quickly became the drink of intellect and industry being known to target the mind. Taverns were replaced with a more sophisticated meeting place, the coffeehouse. These led to the establishment of scientific societies and financial institutions, the founding of newspapers, and provided fertile ground for revolutionary thought. 4Once realized as Englands national drink, tea imports from first China and India led to considerable trade. The book describes the cater of the British East India Company, which generated more revenue than the British government and ruled over far more people,wielding more power than any other corporation in history. 5 This imbalance of power had an broad effect on British foreign policy, and led to the independence of the U.S. give care most of the drinks discussed in this novel, Coca-Cola was originally devised as a medical drink. much than any other product, Coca-Cola has stood as the symbol of Americas vibrant consumer capitalism. 4 Rather than kick at the challenge, Coca-Cola took full advantage of the challenging times it found itself in, gaining ground through the depression, and then traveling alongside our soldiers into WWII, becoming a globose phenomenon.A History of the World in 6 Glasses is truly useful and beneficial to the AP World History curriculum. In a program line course, the teacher could assign a chapter of reading as homework in each unit. For example, the beer chapter would be in Unit 1, wine at the end of Unit 1 or beginning of Unit 2. Spirits and coffee berry could be assigned in Unit 3, Tea in Unit 4, and Coca-Cola in Unit 4 and 5. Teaching the kids through a variant view of the world would be its unique contribution to the program.Tom Stan dage, the author, was prospering in proving his thesis throughout the novel. The thesis is clearly stated in the introduction, then supported throughout each chapter and then reiterated in the epilogue. in that respect was plenty of evidence in the book, including quotes, poems, statistics pictures, maps etc. The book was not bogged down in a specific part, though it sometimes went into too much detail of the process of making the beverage.I have to confess that when I first picked up A History of the World in 6 Glasses, I did not expect to enjoy it. Firstly, I was wondering how a book could to sum up world history in less(prenominal) than 300 pages. Second, I do not drink 4 of the 6 beverages discussed in this book. Therefore, I was not keen on learning about their histories. However, I quickly learned that this book is more than just how and when these 6 drinks were made, but how it affected our modern world.A History of the World in 6 Glasses makes it clear that the history of mankind is a history of our consumption. Whether we are pondering revolution in a Coffeehouse in Paris or throwing tea leafs into the ocean in Boston, these drinks have had an pretend on who we are. I highly recommend this book to anyone thirsty for knowledge As Standage says, They survive in our homes today as living reminders of past eras, fluid testaments to the forces that shaped the modern world. Uncover their origins, and you may never explore at your favorite drink in quite the same modal value again. 6
unitary of the closely popular innovations in automotive travel in the past decade has nonhing to do with the go itself, the people who shoot them, or the roads over which they operate. Rather, it is the top executive to carry on teleph unrivalled conversations art object private road. In todays society, our technology is more advanced than ever before. Text messaging, like most modern technological devices, has its benefits and drawbacks. One of the most formid open drawbacks is when people intensify text edition messaging with driving in an automobile. In our society, weve all nonplus attached to our electric jail boothular ph i rings.Cell ph atomic number 53s prep ar our lives easier in many ways. For instance, we fire check our email, receive phone calls, send text subject matters, listen to music, and gain pictures, all at our fingertips. With this convenience comes a dangerous side to cell phones, and that is when we go for them sequence driving. From the crease standpoint, the cell phone whitethorn be handlingd to conduct meetings, trade with other businesses, or to exchange brisk information. nows American culture relies heavily on the use of cell phones. The recent growth of cellular telephone usage is a phenomenon that defies all gender, racial, and age boundaries.Cell phones be more than further the in vogue(p) electronic gadgets on the market, and in turn may pose fantastic driving conditions when used at inappropriate times. There is danger elusive for people who use their cell phones eon driving and it is a puzzle that must be addressed. Over the last few years, many tests need been run to gather statistics and hard evidence on the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving. One of the major causes of automobile collisions is due to the device driver existence distracted by something.When psyche is actually busy or has multiple things to do when behind the wheel, they tend to multi task. They crapulenc e coffee, eat, put on make up, text, or talk on their phones while driving. These people are classified as distracted drivers. When driving, it is imperative to be able to look, process information, and react quickly in order to drive safely. According to an article published by the Jackson Advocate, talking on a cell phone while driving can make a young drivers reaction time as slow as that of a 70- year old (Thomas, 22). Young people often opine about older drivers and call them a hazard.Taking into consideration that their cell phone habits makes them equally dangerous, they are being rather hypocritical. Using cell phones distracts drivers, and people have been known to miss turns, run red lights, and still drive off the road when distracted by the text message conversations. For example drivers on the highway that text-message and drive often swerve just about the lanes unintentionally. Those who do it on public roads potentially increasing their betting odds of running traf fic lights and signs which leads to jeopardizing others lives.When drivers multi -ask, their assistance is being switched between speaking, listening and sightedness what is on the road ahead of them. There is substantial evidence that ones brain cannot process all this information at one time, and pay attention to driving at the same rate that undistracted driver would. A study done by Medical News Today journal, last updated on March 6, 2008, stated that there is a 37% decrease in activity in the part of the brain we use to process information and visual signals, which is essential for driving (Paddock).When utilise our phones while driving, we become distracted and thus our brains cannot process all the information being accepted at the same time. Drivers are increasing their chances of being in a car accident and placing others lives in danger when talking or s shutting text-messages while driving. Many of us would agree that using a phone while driving is not worth the risk of ending an innocent spirit. Driving, while using your phone, is at least as dangerous as drinking and driving. There is a possibility of running someone over or crashing into another vehicle.According to a study by the New England Journal of Medicine, at least 1.6 million traffic accidents, which is 28% of all crashes in the United States, are caused by drivers talking or sending messages on their cell phones (Ship, 22). Putting anothers life at risk is not worth that phone call or replying to that text-message it can and should wait. Moreover, the cell phone has evolved into an essential tool in perfunctory life and there are some advantages affiliated with using it. One advantage of having cell phones is that you have access to assistance in tinge situations. For instance, if your car gets stalled on the side of the road, you can use your cell phone to obtain help.But sometimes, with cell phones in many peoples hand, we essentially feel as if big brother is watching. If we, as drivers, do anything wrong, someone is liberation to use their cell phone to call the police. But this should actually be an encouragement for us. With cell phones available at hand, it is definitely a hiatus to be able to immediately report something that seems unusual or may cause a threat to society or to us. It is important to comment that the majority of people who use their cell phones while driving are actually business owners.They use their phones to conduct trade between other businesses, to communicate between employees and other co-workers, and to receive significant information regarding their business everyday. However, according to Wired. com, new findings show that having important conversations while driving is not good for the health of a business. It is actually harder to remember information communicate when driving (Bower). Even though people are busy and advance to need the time in their car to work, talking on a cell phone while driving is dangerous an d ought to be banned. talk on a cell phone, even when using a hands free device, distracts the driver and makes them a hazard to themselves and others on the road. Some select that government should not be able to legislate against peoples freedom as United States Citizens should be afforded the right to use cell phones where and when they wish. Although peoples freedoms and rights are important, and are protected under the United States Constitution, peoples individual rights should not outweigh the need for the government to regulate a safe environment. Instead they should regulate when and where cell phones may be permitted.The cell phone has brought with it many conveniences and luxuries. It has definitely made parley lots easier. However, when it comes to road safety, the cell phone may be considered a hazard. This is particularly true after Short Message Service (text- messaging) was introduced. Unfortunately, the service is so convenient that some people even compose and s end text messages anytime and anywhere while walking, eating, and even while driving. The growing number of accidents caused while texting and driving has made driving conditions dangerous to other drivers out on the road.Driving is an activity that requires full concentration and composing, reading, and sending text messages will compromise a drivers concentration. According to the American Health Association, in 2008, some 1 in 6 fatal vehicle collisions were caused from a driver being distracted while driving (Wilson ). When a driver is using their phone while driving, their minds are focused on the message they are reading or composing, rather than on paying close attention to the street. This, of course, opposes the driver from thinking quickly and compromises their reflexes.Chances are, drivers will not be able to react quickly to a situation on the road because their brains cannot cover processing all different types of information sufficiently at one time. The government should pass laws in every state not just in selected ones that ban the use of cell phones while driving to prevent fatal collisions. Cell phones are a life-threatening means of communication while driving. Despite the urgency of any text message, the dangers of texting while driving should be more than enough reason to put off texting.
Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Business is the back ivory of the Australian economic system in that location be several things that contacts do that are of critical importance to Australia as a state. Business supports the exploitation and usage of engineering by purchasing new equipment which provides companies like apple or Mac with gross to pay for employees that research and get out, both(prenominal) here and now practiced as the necessary machinery and equipment to develop modern engineerings. Businesss anyhow fail the swap which completelyows clients to utilize newer engineering, if sleuths like Dick Smith s did nt apportion IPods or Iphvirtuosos clients would nt be able to obtain those points. Businesses besides provide Australians with involution , without jobs most Australians would nt do any specie, and non be able to supply for their house lactates. Businesses besides feed the Australian economic system finished with(predicate) revenue enhancements that they generate to pay to the authorities, every bit comfortably as the investings these cares, a carry on creates cash which goes around a community but they besides misdirect and sell merchandises which all support communities.Internal Influence and Impact on Australian BusinessAn national influence is an influence that is made by the annoying itself, they unite to factors within the relate that will strike its operation. All these influences impact in different ways and because they are brought on by the caller it convey that they may be able to halt the influence if it is damaging to the foreboding. distributively different influence has different impacts and the influences are Product, Location, Management, Resource Management, and Business Culture.MerchandiseThe inhering influence of merchandise is the existent pricys or services produce by a fretfulness or company, these goods or services decide many an(prenominal) factors for a vexation, if the size of the merchandise is r easonably big so the company will inquire more infinite to be able to lay in away the merchandise therefore increasing the physical size of the concern. The merchandise will reflect the concern, the bigger assortment or scope of merchandises produced the bigger impact the merchandise will do. If the concern buys or produces more than it sells the pay income border will diminish, if the merchandise is non suited to the concerns clients the concern will endure. I.e. Harvey Norman bought/produced several thousand com dropers/laptops ECT. They did nt sell and so Harvey Norman s loot income border decreased.LocationHas been said to be the most of import of all internal influences, there is a simple equation Prime Location is= customer Convenience + Visibility. There are several separate factors of location Cost, Visibility, propinquity to clients every bit good as providers and support services. So essentially if it s non easy and efficient for clients to travel to a concern tha t concern will non acquire many clients, location can besides do a concern because if a concern is positioned in a great location i.e. near the ground tackle of a shopping Centre, they would tot ahead more clients.Resource InfluenceThere are four chief resources available to concern human, employees of a concern, Information, Market research the cognition needed to run the concern, Physical, equipment/machinery/ stark naked stuff and fiscal, financess the company uses to pay revenue enhancements or other debts. Without veracious resource focal point a company would neglect i.e. When Vodafone or the republic bank faced a machinery bug they lost capital.ManagementIn recent generation due to engineering and the current planetary fiscal issues have been flattening this goernment agency that the degrees of direction have been reduced, these concern have more control over their concern. There are nevertheless some mis pee-pees for spokesperson, because there are few mangers/em ployees this immorals that those directors have more control and if one of these directors make a error it has a greater impact.Business CultureThe set, thoughts, beliefs and outlooks of a concern, these can be through governmental policy or merely the usual dress-code of the staff. Through concern civilization the manner people work is changed, and if there is a ban civilization this will sustain forth workers who are un-satisfied which means ill luck for the concern.External Influences and Impact on Australian BusinessThe external influences on concern are influences that are either wholly out or are of smaller limit control of the concern. These impacts are more sever to the concern than internal influences because the concern can non motley the influence they can merely expurgate the concern itself to accommodate the influence i.e. Taxes. There are many different influences and they all impact the concern in different ways and they are Economic, Financial Geographic, So cial, Legal, Political, Institutional, Technological, Competitive state of affairs, and Markets.EconomicThe economic sciences of Australia are a cyclical affair intending that they go through Boom periods, intending a clip where concern proprietors costumiers are confident, which in bend means more purchasing which provenders and grows the economic system and Flops besides known as a recession this is when there is low costumier assurance so there is less money in concerns intending, less employment which slants the growing of the economic system. The economic system has axiomatic impacts on concern when there is a roar there is money which develops the concern, and when there is a flop there is no money which mean the concern fails to run into revenue enhancements and debts ect. So the company fails and may prevent.Fiscal InfluenceThe exempt of the Australian fiscal system has lead to flexibleness within the fiscal sector. It means that there is a wider scope of competition, and concerns no longer necessitate to remain domesticated to their ain communities, this is due to engineering and Globalisation.Geographic InfluenceThis has an tremendous impact on Australian concern, the fact that Australia is located within the Asia-Pacific part every bit good as the economic growing of those states i.e. China. This is a take exception for concerns because there is a stronger competition. And besides provides chances for concerns to develop, every bit good as the nose count along with other population studies which allow for concerns to develop and bring forth goods that are suited for that country, the negative is that concerns have to walking a vast of money to depart, the aging population is an illustration, concerns will hold to accommodate to better suit that population.Social InfluencesThe populace is invariably manipulateing in relation to gustatory sensations, manners and civilization. When a concern can alter to accommodate these gustatory sensation s it makes an increased net income but concerns that do nt alter run the hazard of going predated and lose clients.Legal InfluencesThese are ordinances and policies that the authorities put frontward and they have massive impacts on the concern. A concern is pass judgment to stay by all these Torahs and ordinances, but these collide with the sum of money a company makes, which in bend affects how good it runs.Political InfluencesWhen there are large political alterations concern assurance every bit good as uncertainness may lift or fall, governmental issues affect concerns because they can present revenue enhancements, an illustration would be the debut of the blow Tax, which was made in response to unfavorable judgment over Australian policy this will set strive on bigger companies. except they can besides be good for a concern an illustration would be deregulating which is the remotion of policies.Institutional InfluencesThere are three chief institutional influences and the y are authorities, regulative organic structures and other. The authorities introduces ordinances, the organic structures monitor the concern and others affect concerns like authorities.Technological InfluenceWith new engineerings comes a new manner for clients to shop and for concerns to sell, a concern can use assorted engineerings like the profit to air at that place merchandise every bit good as sell their merchandises over the lucre which entreaties to newer clients, it besides allows concerns to pass on to their clients quicker. Technology can besides take away from concerns, for case Borders which is a book investment firm, is confronting trouble because clients are now purchasing books off the cyberspace because it is cheaper, this means that Borders will now hold to shut some store and faces a hard hereafter.Competitive Situation InfluencesCompetition between two shops is a general happening they can profit the client through cheaper monetary values and better gross rev enues every bit good as the concern through the turning client to the concern. Each company fights to go the attraction which is called sustainable competitory advantage, the changing scope of rivals determines how the concern will bring forth and sell their merchandise.Changes in Markets InfluenceCapital can now travel through states, it is now easier for concerns to purchase abroad shares/businesses, this frees up concerns, in bend the concern grows. Despite this growing there is an instability which was made apparent during the GFC there is now a monolithic move for the demand of skilled workers, i.e. the accompaniment of demand for mineworkers due to the turning excavation sector. There has besides been monolithic growing in consumer markets, in the value of universe trade this was brought on through engineering which made it easier to pass on.DecisionIn decision, an external influence is one that is out of the concerns control whilst an internal influence is associating to a concern. They are both negative and positive, because they help the concern to develop and turn the concern every bit good as let the concern to pass on at an international degree, but they can be negative because they take off from Australian economic system every bit good as Australian concerns losing money to international concerns. As in the other(prenominal) and as what will be in the hereafter, internal influences like merchandise, direction resource direction ECT. And external influences like engineering, political influences, geographic ECT. willing ever impact on concern, because the concern will hold to alter to accommodate the issue, if there are technological promotions the concern must alter to accommodate that. If a merchandise is nt selling they must bring forth a new merchandise that will appeal to clients.
Michelle Hatton-Cowan Professor Micah Parker BHSR-115-01 16 March 2013 Putting the Pieces Together slice recently putting a catch together with my family I know that we had a very certain way of putting it together. We had the soul who displace out all the pieces and was constantly looking for the whizzs that went together. A nonher person would cautiously put pieces together that the first person had laid out and marque sure there were no discrepancies. The last person would oversee every i else.They would posit sure pieces were going where they should be, and everyone would report back to the important person who was overseeing everything. If one was to look at any c arer or field they watch trained in or snuff ited in they would see that there is a hierarchy to each position. It is one person helping the next person to figure out one main objective or goal. The Careers of a Cytologist, Histologist, and Pathologist work very nearly together so closely its almost lik e they are putting a puzzle together, in such a way one give the bouncet just do all of the projects but there must be nighone in each area of the field to lie with the main objective.Read Chapter 8 Microbial GeneticsCytologists are the people working on the puzzle that lay the pieces out for the person in charge to oversee and direct them at what they should be looking for. They are biologists who specialize in the study of formation, structure, and function of jail cells (cytology). I like that fact that they see autarkical work with very bitty supervision. on that point is room for rapid job growth. A reported 14% job growth through 2018 (Tolia). I do not like that cytologists acquit major movie to specimens and chemical fumes that can be very hazardous.There may be a rapid job growth projected for cytologists but single thirty-one accredited cytotechnologist programs are available in the United States (Tolia). Cytologists can work in many different health care faci lities. They assimilate the option of working in hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, physicians offices, outpatient care centers and home health care (Tolia). To become a cytologist, one leave alone need to arrant(a) a bachelors degree program and finish a one to two socio-economic class program accredited by the counselling of Allied wellness Education Programs in Cytoengineering. Most Employers prefer that the cytologist clog the ASCPs ational Technologist in Cytoechnology certification exam. A cytologist must complete this program every three years to remain certified (Tolia). Cytologists are either paid by the hour or through an yearly salary. According to Salary. com, the normal annual income for a cytologist is $62,401, with the least well balance quarter of practitioners making less than $56,810 and the highest paid quarter making over $$67,386. According to Payscale, cytologists command an average salary of between $24. 47 and $31. 20 per hour, with standard time-and -a-half rates for overtime (Wolfe).Cytologists play a life-sized procedure in medical decisions and work closely with diagnosticians. Cytologists can excessively gain industry recognition by submitting their written articles for publication and applying for front-cover film in the ASCTs publication (Tolia). Cytologists must know how to read the sets orders by using their knowledge of medical examination terminology. Cytologists must physical exercise and express with their knowledge of Medical speech communication because all the work they do lastly goes back to the debase and goes along in response to the original order.When a cytologist is reporting they will also report to the histologist who plays an important role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease (Torres). The next step in putting more pieces of the puzzle together is the histologist. The histologist examines and analyzes cells and body fluids. They search for parasites, bacteria and other micr oorganisms (Torres). I like that histologists work in medical laboratories with pathologists and other laboratory experts (Torres). Histology is a very important tool of medicine and biology.I like that they serve as a detective trying to figure out different diseases and cell structures. Histology would not be a job for me because I do not like the many hours spent on my feet observing tiny little particles though a microscope. I do not have the time, patience, or eye sight for this job. Histologists must have very good seeing to be able to point out the discrepancies in cells, which good eyesight is something I dont have. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the take in for histologists will grow about 14 percent between 2006 and 2016. The normal hourly wage for histologists in the United States is $22. 68 per hour and their median annual salary is $47,174, according to the Mayo Clinic (Gray). Histologists have the opportunity to work in many different career settings including the hospital, diagnostic laboratories, and many different outpatient settings. For an entry-level position as a histologist, an applicant will need to have a bachelors degree with a major in medical technology or one of the life sciences.Bachelors degrees in this field will ordinarily include courses in chemistry, microbiology, statistics and biological sciences, as well as narrow courses devoted to skills used in the clinical laboratory. However, it is possible to fill some positions while having a combination of on-the-job training and formal education. Generally, one will usually have at least an associates degree. Many employers ingest applicants to have certification from recognized professional associations, such as the American Society for Clinical Pathology, the American Medical Technologist or the topic Credentialing Agency for Laboratory Personnel (Torres).Histologists are important to our United States Health Care System because they are like the detectives of disease, and play an important role in the detection, diagnosis and treatment of disease. Histologists use their knowledge of Medical Terminology to read what orders the doctors have given to them. They are able to follow the centering of the pathologist, who histologists work very closely with, to determine probable diseases and to diagnose a patient. The last person to put pieces of our puzzle together is the pathologist. Apathologistis a physician who examines tissues, checks the accuracy of lab tests, and interprets the results in order to aid the patients diagnosis and treatment (Pathologist). They oversee the cytologist and the histologist. I love that pathologists work very closely with the doctor and the patient on a daily basis. Pathology has many different career opportunities including a clinical pathologist, anatomic pathologist and a forensic pathologist. I do not like the scrutiny that is placed on their job.If they mess up one little thing or read a smear of cell s the treat way and give the wrong diagnose it could be fatal for the patient. There are approximately13,000 to 14,000 board certified pathologists in the United States who suffice their specialty. Starting salariesfor newly-certified pathologists can range from about $126,000 to $150,000 per year (Pathologist). Pathologists have the opportunity to work in the community, in universities, in government hospitals and clinics, separate laboratories, or in private offices, clinics, and other health care acilities (Pathologist). In order to work as a pathologist, you must have a successful undergraduate career score well on your Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and pay back a place at a medical train to earn your medical degree (Torres). Medical school is not easy to get into, but after the student secures a place in medical school and finishes with Doctor of Medicine, they must secure a position in a three to four year residency program (Torres). After the residency program th e student will take a national licensing exam to become certified in their state.Pathologists are extremely important to our United States healthcare system. They are the line of work solvers to todays medical mysteries. Pathologists us their knowledge of medical terminology every day by interpreting laboratory tests that are make by a cytologist and histologist and then they relay that information back to the doctor or patient. The puzzle is now complete with the help of the pathologist. Every person plays an important part of putting the puzzle together. Cytologists help us to rank the different cells and tissues. Histologists help us identify different disease prime within the cells and tissues.Lastly, pathologists help us confer all of our results and relay them to the doctor and the patient. All three careers must be able to properly use their knowledge of medical terminology in an effort to communicate expeditiously to the doctor. All information communicated to the doctor is in an effort to help proceed a patients life. Works Cited cytology. The American Heritage lexicon of the English Language, Fourth Edition. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Company 18 Mar. 2013http//www. thefreedictionary. com/cytology Cytologist. MedFriendly. N. p.. Web. 18 Mar 2013. . Gray, Carolyn. Salary. Histologist Salary. N. p.. Web. 18 Mar 2013.
Monday, February 25, 2019
1. deep Snyder was 24 years old when his father passed away and he assumed leading of In-N-Out Burger. Was his young come on an asset or a liability for leading of the company? Explain you answer. Take a position Does age actually weigh in the first place?I think the age didnt really matter. Its the experience or knowledge that makes the difference. Rich was young when his father had him involved in the business, so by the cartridge clip he passed Rich shouldve been able to lead the company. Age doesnt matter if you have enough passion, drive and knowledge of what you are doing, that has much to a greater extent to do with succeeding or non.2. In an era of jalapeno poppers and primitive fajitas, how risky is In-N-Outs languish-term strategy of offering only quartet simple food items? Is the strategy still on track?I fathert think they are creation risky with their long term strategy. In 2013 rumors were going around that an In-N-Out Burger was coming to Denver City, Colo rado, by Sept. 2014 when there was still no sign of a store being opened, Councilman Albus Brooks got involved and contacted In-N-Out Burger, and they commented that it wasnt going to happen. The whole city was upset. It make the news that they are going to Toronto, Canada in 2015, but just for a day.Problem SolvingA would be entrepreneur walks into your bank and asks to converge financing for a business plan modeled after In-N-Outs approach and extremely simple menu. But all the ingredients would come from local anaesthetic supplier and growers within a thirty-mile radius of town. Is this a winning recipe deserving of financing from your bank?Yes I would say it is. Their plan is not only profitable to the bank, and themselves, it will also bring in art for the local businesses.Further ResearchHow would you illustrate this concept to consumers? Explain wherefore you wouldchoose to include or exclude TV, print radio or online. Advertising based on your premise. How would you pit ch this concept to In-N-Outs marketing department in a way that would emphasize in n turn ups core orders? It is hard to find stunned much about the company so I tire outt really know how much they budget for marketing, but it seems like they dont have a big budget. I would find out how they are packaging their product. Maybe they could find an eco-friendly way to package it.I would emphasize less is more. People are over worked, and over stimulated, and dont want to think too much. Making less choices makes it lax to order. I would pitch it as their values are integrity, honest and respect. By using eco-friendly packaging they are not only giving value to their customers but also protecting planet.
Hannah Arendt is widely regarded as hotshot of the nigh important, unique and influential judgments of political philosophy in the twentieth century. Arendt was greatly influenced by her mentor and hotshot time lover, Martin Heidegger, whose phenomeno coherent method would wait on to greatly shape and frame Arendts consume persuasion. Like Heidegger, Arendt was nescient of the metaphysical tradition which tended towards abstr fiddle impressionual reasoning ultimately at odds with the reality of valet de chambre lived experience.Consequently, Arendt was highly dubious of being referred to as a philosopher, as she felt philosophy was, by its own heart and soul, confine to the proverbial ivory tower. She believed political life was at the apex of gentles experience and so she identified as a political thinker/actor. Her emphasis on the phenomenological systemal character of the lived political experience permeates her lifes works and perhaps tramp be said to constitute he r own distinct brand of political philosophy.Arendts early publication, Ideology & timidity A Novel engineer of Government, is a profound elucidation of the constitution of the on that pointtofore curious (she argues) phenomenon of despotism and its origins elements and functioning A Novel Form of Government Arendt posited that the undemocratic pull ins of organisation and domination (Arendt. 03) which characterised the Nationalist Socialist companionship in Germany and Stalins oppressive regime in Soviet Russia, which cut systematic genocide and terror visited upon literally millions of innocent race, were unprecedented in the history of political systems, and were non mere modern manifestations of ancient forms of baseless government such as despotism or tyranny. She went further even, to apprise that undemocratic systems had drop offed the very foundations upon which traditional ideas and presuppositions of government rested.Although undemocraticism seemed to barricade elements of tyrannical or despotic forms of government i. e. terror, violence, absolute causality etc Arendt contended that totalitarian regimes differed in important ways which rendered them qualitatively distinct. Tyranny and dictatorships, she argues ar tag by Arbitrary power, unrestricted by justness, yielded in the interest of the pattern and hostile to the interests of the governed, on one hand, fear as the article of faith of action, namely fear of the people by the approach patternr and fear of the ruler by the eople (Arendt. 306) scare, according to Arendt, has traditionally been used as a means to an end, or tool for tyrannical regimes, namely the end of maintaining and sustaining a position of power over its subjects. undemocratic systems however, do not function in this way, ideologicly at least, According to Arendt. total terror leaves no arbitrary jurisprudencelessness behind it and does not rage for the sake of some arbitrary provide or for the s ake of despotic power of one man against all. (Arendt. 311) scope and ContentIn order to understand the nature (if there is one) of undemocraticism forms of government, it is important first to understand both their historical contexts and the Ideologies which underpin them, as agreeitarian regimes, are by their nature ideological, as Arendt shows. Take for lesson National Socialism, the political ideology which took root in Germany during the 1930s, characterised by martial nationalism and overtly inherent racism. The context in which the Nazi party rose to prominence was the extreme devastation, debt and resulting poverty and hunger left in Germany in the wake of the First World War.It can indeed be argued that Adolph Hitlers demagoguery and flair for rousing public sympathy with his penetrating speeches, was withal crucial to the widespread proliferation, acceptance and support for Nazi ideology, at a time when people yearned for a clear solution to their subscribe and p overty. Hitlers bellicose rhetoric displayed a typical trait of ideologies a final solution, the idea that the answer to all of lifes problems can be understood and solved by following a special(a) stringent row of action restrictd by a one unambiguous worldview. Ideologies-isms, which to the satisfaction of their adherents can explain everything and every occurrence by deducing it from a single premise (Arendt. 315) Nazi Ideology had at its core, a politically and indeed racially motivated perversion of the Darwinian concept of a natural hierarchy of species, in which the stronger/more successful species would postulates replace the weaker ones.Darwins profound insight into the ways in which organisms spring up was warped and misrepresented by the Nazis, who filtered it through their racist and nationalist worldview, freeing the experimental extinction of Jews and other supposed degenerate races by claiming they were following and indeed implementing a even upeousness o f spirit. In Darwin, Arendt explains, the Nazi party had found what they saw as an unbending cancel Law, the very arising from which positivistic (manmade) laws had been traditionally derived. further from being lawless, it goes to the sources of authority from which positive laws received their ultimate legitimation (Arendt. 307) Arendt argues that this Law of character was taken to be a suprahuman edict which was used justify their campaign of terror and genocide, and furthermore usurp any positive laws which were counter- productive to their cause. Nature itself mandated the extermination of lesser degenerate races according to Nazi ideology. And so the carrying turn out and indeed hastening of the process of this Natural decree was the end which the Totalitarian regimes whirlpool to effect.In fact, Totalitarian ideology sought for the factual social avatar of these supposed Laws of history and nature, and asserted that by the strict implantation and of these laws, a uto pia on Earth would be realised. the Law of Nature or the law of tale, if properly executed, is expected to produce mankind as its end product (Arendt. 307) Arendt is highly critical of this cerebration which she describes as particular to Totalitarian government. sensation of the or so obvious critiques which she makes is the nail down disregard in this line of thinking for basic anthropological concerns i. e. ow humans actually tend to be lease and function.It applies the law directly to mankind without bothering with the behaviour of men Totalitarian policy claims to change the human species into an active unfailing carrier of a law to which human beings otherwise would merely passively and reluctantly be subjected (Arendt. 307) holy terror as the midpoint of Totalitarian rule Built into the notion of executing the Laws of nature and history is an inherent eschewing of the legitimacy, importance and even relevance of manmade or positive laws, which are intended to govern and ease the functioning of societies in which people participate.The self-denial of positive laws and their replacement with the bringing into effect, a Law of Nature or indeed a Law of History as per Totalitarian ideology, is, Arendt argues largely what separates Totalitarian regimes from despotism and tyranny. Because they drew their justification from the very source of all positive laws i. e. Natural law, Totalitarian regimes were able to substantiate this denial of the legitimacy of positive laws by claiming that in aiming to produce the perfect rule of Natural Law on earth, that mankind itself would become the very chassis of the law (Arendt. 08) By claiming to actualise and bring into effect fundamental laws which determine the inevitable course of history by establishing the perfect rule of Natural law on earth through use of terror, Totalitarian regimes taint at the same time traditional notions of government and likewise notions of the utility program of terror.Terro r was no longer merely an arbitrary tool of oppression, (although it was of course the methodology with which the terrible ideology of Totalitarianism was realised) Terror was itself the embodied form which submission to the supposed Law of Nature took, or as Arendt puts it Terror as the execution of a law of movement Arendt. 311) Terror was in fact now the end goal itself as such Terror is indeed Totalitarianisms meat. Arendt uses a good analogy to illustrate this point. the absence of crimes in any society does not render laws redundant just, on the contrary, signifies their most perfect rule-so terror in totalitarian government has ceased to be a mere means for the suppression of competition, though it is also used for such purposes. Terror becomes total when it becomes independent of all opposition it rules supreme when nobody any longer stands in its way.If lawfulness is the essence of non-tyrannical government and lawlessness is the essence of tyranny, then terror is the essence totalitarian domination Dangerous Ideology What made national socialism and Stalinism so dangerous, according to Arendt, were not merely the ideas which characterised their respective ideologies i. e. racism and dialectical materialism, but the logic which one could arguably follow from these types of thinking. If Ideologies are the logic of ideas, (which they are ) then it is the seemingly logical implications of these ideas, which made them dangerous.To put it simply, if one concludes that there are suprahuman forces which determine the very course of history, as espoused by Nazism and Stalinism, then one must be bound to follow the logical steps which lead from this idea. Whoever agreed that there are such things as dying classes and did not draw the consequence of cleanup their members, or that the right to live had something to do with race and did not draw the consequence of killing unfit races, was plainly either stupid or a coward. (Arendt. 318)The dangers of cargo to the logic of ideas bviously are determined by the extremity of the ideas themselves, however as Arendt rightly points out, it is this ice cold reasoning which both Hitler and Stalin were very fond of which gave their ideologies a trajectory of power and an pseudo-scientific guise which legitimated them. Rather than a principle of action aimed at some common good or societal benefit such as the prevention of crime, this logicality of ideological thinking (Arendt. 321) is what makes Totalitarian government tick. Isolation, The Phenomenology of Terror As we have seen, terror is the essence of Totalitarianism.But it is important to realise exactly what this means for the experiencing subject of Totalitarian rule. Terror, Arendt explains, destroys the ability to engage in any public life. Isolation is the most salient feature of terror. Terror wrought isolation has been used throughout the centuries by tyrannical rulers to inhibit political agency and thus destroy the possibility of revolt terror can rule absolutely only over men who are isolated against each other and that, therefore, one of the primary concerns of all tyrannical government is to bring isolation aroundIsolation and impotence, that is the fundamental inability to act at all, have ever been characteristic of tyrannies. (Arendt. 321-322) The final way in which Totalitarian governments differ from those regimes of tyranny, which have also employed terror as a tactic, is for Arendt, the destruction by terror of the private sphere of human life. Total terror, as it were, is not content with merely destroying the public life of people and their ability to interact. Total terror permeates the mind and destroys the faculties of creativity and mental autonomy.Totalitarianism seeks to destroy the intact ability for people to create something new and bring it into the world. While it simply needs to destroy the ability of political life, it also enforces utter in-person isolation (loneliness) on th e mind of the individual, so that he or she has no outlet vent and indeed no ability to form ideas of their own. In isolation, man remains in contact with the world as the human artifice only when the most elementary forms of human creativity, which is the capacity to chalk up something of ones own to the common world, are destroyed, isolation becomes birthday suit unbearableTotalitarian government, like all tyrannies, certainly could not constitute without destroying the public country of life, that is, without destroying, by isolating men, their political capacities but totalitarian domination as a form of government is new in that it is not content with this isolation and destroys private life as well. It bases itself on loneliness, on the experience of not belonging to the world at all, which is among the most radical and desperate experiences of man. (Arendt. 24) The phenomenological and anthropological implications of this total terror are for Arendt the complete breakdow n of the human actor.She argues that humans are essentially social beings who need social interaction to function and live as we are hardwired to do so our complete sense of who we are and what our world means ultimately derives from our experience of interacting with others. For the confirmation of my identity I depend entirely upon other people (Arendt. 324)In conclusion I think it may be prudent to summarise the central elucidations which Arendt makes in Ideology and Terror. . Totalitarian governments were unprecedented governmental forms before the early 20th century. 2. Totalitarian governments are ideological in nature and functioning, and derive their justifications from suprahuman Laws of Nature and History and implement the logic of these ideas through use of terror. 3. Terror is the primary tool and also the essence of Totalitarian governments, i. e. Total terror becomes the actual embodied form of the Laws of History and nature made manifest 4.Totalitarian governments des troy the ability to act politically as all tyrannies do, but also they destroy the realm of private life as well, rendering human existence a miserable one in attempting to make each person the actual embodiment of Natural and Historical Laws Arendts masterful work has drip light on one of the darkest periods in human history and it also lends insight into the nature of government, society and the human subject more in general speaking. She remains a seminal figure in the discipline of political philosophy and continues to inspire thought and debate to this day.
Sunday, February 24, 2019
For that season, I would nourish become a tail thief in order for my children and myself to live an easier life. In addition, having unlimited money, could tolerate been to a greater ex xt active in my kids life by non having to die problematical two jobs that made me so tired. Miserably, when I did see them I close up was barely there, and we were unders overlyd broke. As a result, sometimes did non compensate mother to put my kids to bed, or wake them up in the morning, as I was either al containy gone to work or non home provided. Nevertheless, with the super source of the c both up I could restrain abandoned them every social function they needed or sine qua noned (within reason).For instance, I could eve afforded to buy both(prenominal) my childrens school pictures, along with, non having to express no to things such as, handle trips, birthday parties, or even new shoes. This analogy is an example of psychological egocentrism be origin of my inspiration o f self-regard (Mackinac, 2012). What I mean is our life was hard solely we would surrender made it without the ring unless my maternal idea would have wanted a better life for my kids and myself. Consider that the normative theory, ethics of share, comes into play in this situation beca wont it was my duty to provide us with a better life.However, if had the same opportunity today, loud not shrink the ring. Now know it is against my personal ethics of what is right and what is abuse collect to my firm beliefs of my religion. Or do you not know that the below the belt ordain not inherit the estate of perfection? Do not be deceived neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers leave inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were fairified in the name of the master underlying Jesus Christ a nd by the Spirit of our God. 1 Corinthians 9-11, n. D. ) The word of God is the theory I live by, and it makes me happy to know my moral reasoning will result in eternal peace. As Kant believes, a key buck is the expansion of positive predispositions to act in a situation military mansner will em king us to ensure a legality without difficulty (Mackinac, 2012). In this way, the rules commanded to us in the book of account are the laws ought to put my life by because they are grievous. Plain and simple. For this reason, there is no guess that I would expect the ring, as I would be in cultism of it leading me to do things I normally would not do.Moreover, I do not want to eel the shame associated with, not being just. As a final point, in the video, moral philosophy Ill 3 vibrancy of Edges, it is give tongue to that Glaucoma clams that no one is just willingly. He as well believes doing malign is naturally good and will ultimately make you happy. Accordingly, he with al accepts as truth that a person is also doing their self an hurt if they are against doing wrong because nothing good will come of being fair. As well as for Socrates, I disagree with Glaucoma, and do deposit that acting just is good. 1 Corinthians 69-11. (n. D. ). Know ye not that the unrighteous shallRetrieved from http//view. Bellybuttons. Mom/ morality Ill 3 multitude of Edges. Video. Retrieved from http//WV. Youth. Com/ watch? V=jimmying Mackinac, B. (2012). ethics Theory and contemporary issues (concise 2nd deed. ). Boston, MA Coinage skill Melody piquantly Email Author RE Discussion calendar week 2 Thread I Collapse Top of Form heighten Post Week 2 Discussion The Ring of Edges Walden University Melody Piquantly would worry to call up that I as a person who aids quite a little that I would be an Ethical egoism, What we ought to do, how we ought to act(Mackinac 2012).Not an Individual estimable egoism in this version l ought to look out for unless yeses (Maca roon 2012). Would also wish well to think that morally would do the right thing if I had all that power, that my moral virtues (depose us to act well) are in discretion that temptation would not take over and I become unsportsmanlike We all would like to think that we would do the right thing help the needy, homeless and the people less fortunate than ourselves. I know thats what I would love to do. But self interest may or could deject in the way of that.Then there is also greed, the more you get the more you want and hell way I would love it if I never had to work again. But morally I would never hurt someone to et there. In reading The Ring of Edges by Plato, Edges was a very unjust person and I hope that by me being a just person that all that power would not turn me unjust and cut down all my morals and virtues out the window. Chri terminateher French Email Author heritable Discussion Week 2 Thread 1 think most people would honestly say that they would be compelled to use the ring.From a womens liberationist circumspection ethic perspective (Mackinac, 201 2), would attempt to use the ring for good. I would want to use it to protect the innocent and those who cannot protect themselves. I would tincture had a responsibility to protect society from evil. I would also sprout the responsibility of ensuring the ring does not fall into the wrong hands. I would like to say that would be prudent to resist the temptation to use the ring for the wrong reasons. It is human nature for us to be tempted and to make the wrong choices. Could have good intentions, yet make all the wrong decisions.When we stop and think or so from a legalistic point of view, even robin redbreast Hood, who take from the rich to give to the poor, had a moral dilemma. eventiden though Robin Hood had good intentions and gave the money he stole to the poor, he was still thieving and that is morally wrong (Mackinac, 2012). loud like to think I am a virtuous person, but I am only if human and human are not without sin. We can look up the power and temptation of the ring to Adam and Eve and their fall into sin. Adam and Eve were virtuous and without sin. Then they were tempted by the knowledge of good and evil.They knew that the knowledge was forbidden, yet they fell into temptation whateverways. I am sure they had good intentions, but with that knowledge and power comes responsibility and consequences (Mackinac, 2012 Genesis 31-814 (King pack Version)). References Mackinac, B. (2012). Ethics Theory and contemporary issues (Concise 2nd d. deed. ). Boston, MA Coinage Learning. Hi Christopher. Nice Post. I certainly appreciated your correlation of the ring in the last paragraph. It is a pity that the devil tempted Adam and Eve. If they had not, we could have been ever free of sin and forever and a day joyful.Indeed, the world is paying for their consequences. However, we know the gunstock of Jesus Christ is a filter that can enable us to live someday in the presence of our Almighty Lord, along with only peace, love and happiness. In your eldest paragraph, you compare your morality to that of feminine care ethics. I too feel that it is important and my duty, to defend the innocent and feeble. regard it is admirable that you wrote from this viewpoint. As we read in our book, the psychologist Carol Gilligan led discussions that showed that both men and women depict their ethical views differently.It also defined that no man in the study focused on the dilemma of fondness. This caring school of thought considers the virtues of compassion and kindness in the context of personal relatedness and how their affiliation will be inc breezed to a special action. (Mackinac, 2012). On the other hand, this go over also showed not all women followed this morality. In this interview, think if participated I would have been one of these women. Although I agree with these some of these caring principles, tend to think more in term of universal ethics, as do men. In this way, men are more inclined to talk in terms of fairness and justice and rights. (p 68) Also, I sense that if all nations were charted by deaf(p) laws that put all people on equal grounds, we could live in a more productive and serene society. (Mackinac, 2012). My question to you is, do you in the main associate yourself with the understandings of caring ethics or do you also relate to other principles like me? deed. deed. ). Boston, MA Coinage Learning I would have to say that I primarily associate myself with the caring ethic. Since childhood, have always care about and for others. During high school, was involved in several affectionate justice projects.I also spent several hours a week babysitting, which is not that common for males to do. After high school, decided enjoyed working(a) with children. Began studying earliest childhood education. Also took additional course work in human development. I am currently a child development major(ip) here a t Walden University with a concentration in psychology. I send off on doing graduate work in either school psychology or school counseling and eventually work with elementary and shopping affectionateness school children. I am currently training to be a first responder (Emergency Medical Responder) and am also planning on getting C.E. R. T. Certified as well (Citizen Emergency Response Team). still though I am currently not a teacher in a public school system, I love working with children and teaching them. Yesterday, drove about 30 miles to a friends house to croak the afternoon and evening with their children teaching them science. I have also worked with a few home school families teaching various subjects to children grades K-8. I worked in a child care center caring for children from infancy by means of school age. Unfortunately, I found it to be a very opponent environment to work in. As the only male teacher amongst about 50 women. The executive director did not think men had any business working with children. From the first day I worked in that center the executive director did everything in her power to get rid of me. in the end about two years later, the board members of the center voted to fire me plainly because they got tired of listening to the executive director complain about me. Christopher, you make unnecessary very well My mother was an MET in the early asss. N fact, she became the first paid women paramedic in Prince William County Virginia, a suburb of Washington DC.Then she worked as a paid paramedic in the District of Columbia, where she was retired because she broke her top on the job. Remember how much she loved her job, helping people, it hurt her to have to stop working. Good luck with your training Also, commend your love of children, too bad there are not more people like you having so much interest in wanting to nurture our children. What an rise you are. Alt sounds like those people who brought you done, lost a good thing Joana Wilkins Email Author I grew up taught to be respectful, not to lie, or steal.Like legion(predicate) of you this is how we were taught by our parents or by the person(s) who was in our lives as we grew up. This is our ethical egoism, what we ought to do, how we ought to act (Mackinac, 201 3, p. 25). I grew up also looking up to my Mom. She went bottom to school as an adult with kids. She became a nurse, someone who helps another person during an illness/sickness. She always put others a head of her. I esteem this and want to be this. As a nurse I do put others in front of me. I love to help and better others. I work in emergency medicine for his reason. The front line of the hospital.I love to get the sickest people in and to be able to becalm them and get them to the floor feeling better and on the right roadway to healing. As a Catholic, I do believe in Karma. What goes around, comes around. So with that being give tongue to, would not use the ring. I dont think could knowing this. I would love to be able to be debt free, know what others know, but what is all that worth? Is it worth having the knowledge you did wrong? You may think it is k because you can get away with it, but it is not. To steal, lie to get what you want is never k. I know there are people UT there that do this but do they have the respect they be?I dont think so. The question regarding can you use the ring for good? I don t think that you can use it as a Robin Hood type story. You are still stealing and possibly lying to get things for others. If you could imagine any one obtaining this power of becoming invisible, and never doing any wrong or touching what was anothers, he would be thought by the lookers-on to be a most suffering idiot, although they would praise him to one anothers faces, and keep up appearances with one another from a fear that they too might suffer injustice (Plato, n. ). Reference Mackinac, B. 2013). Ethics Theory and contemporary issues (2nd dee d Boston, MA Coinage Learning. Plato. (n. D. ). The republic. Retrieved January 20, 2015 from HTTPS//class. Walden. Du/backwards/ governing body/ USES C/artifacts/ USES _Phil_2001 Bottom of Form Gleeson English Email Author RE Discussion Week 2 Thread 1 In the article, The Ring of Edges (Plato. The republic, 2012), it presented the idea of using a magical ring to become invisible. If I were given something like this to do something without being caught I would honestly say I would not steal or do anything mean or crazy.In fact I probably would be that person to do sensitive things without anyone knowing. I am no one who likes to be in the turn light and like people to know what I have I done. I believe my reciprocates come from someone much higher and thats the reward I want not someone knowing that something was done for them so they can keep talking about it. There are umteen times in life where I may have had a situation to do something bad or not get caught doing it but I didnt choose those paths, they would lead to nothing but darkness.There are many celebrities who have done crazy things and must have thought they would get away with it or even et wrote off just because they were a famous person but they were caught and brought to justice like anyone else. Dear Kimberly and ALL Care Ethics and gender differences in ethical perspectives Kimberly This is a powerful personal deposition of spiritual growth. It reminded me of an enthralling book by V. Hog, Less Miserable. Perhaps you read it or watched the Hollywood musical with the same title. It was released in 2012.Its heroic and distinguished protagonist, Jean Vallejo, became a prisoner after stealing a waylay of bread to help his family. This act cost him not only the bolshie of reputation, but also moral and physical sufferings. On one occasion, he stole again from a priest who gave him shelter. The priest, knowing the real cause of his crime, testified on Jean Baleens behalf. This act of kind ness became a turning point in Jean Baleens story, leading him on the path of a august life. Do you think that the distaff and male ethical perspectives on The Ring of Edges will be standardised?Would Care Ethics, on the contrary, advocate their monumental differences? Hi Dry. Workman, Funny you asked this question. I did a little survey on Tuesday of men and women, from church and my neighbors. I told them of the story of The Ring of Edges then I asked if they assessed the ring would they steal money, and if they did, what would they do with it. There was a total of ten people, six women and four men. Firstly, three of the six women agreed that they would not take the ring to steal, but would take it and do good deeds similar to helping others in need, without anyone knowing.Suitably, these women showed characteristics of care. Similarly, one woman said she would have no problem stealing because no one would know, and her family could use the money. Aptly, this dilemma shows he r caring morals. Also, two of the women whom I talked to at Church aid if they acquired the ring, they would destroy it because they ought to not let the ring tempt them to steal because it is wrong. Showing, they had deontological morals as the Bible tells them stealing is bad. Now for the men.One out of the four men said they would not do it for the same reason as the three women. Then, two said they would take the ring and steal as much as they could for themselves, and use it live it up with their friends. They pretty much said to hell with everyone else, as they would not know, selfishly showing signs of self-egoism. Next, One man said he would use the money to aka care of his ailing mother, and then take care of others, such as the Church and other family members. This premise shows his caring morals.So to final result your first question, I am predicting yes they could have comparable perceptions, depending on that persons particular reasoning or aspects of human character, rather than assumed male or female qualities. (Mackinac, 2012). To answer your second question, if the norms were the same as say 50 years or more ago would say that yes Care Ethics would show significant differences between male and female. Appropriately, it is said that elatedness is the framework that forms female decisions. Mainly due to the fact they were nurtured and sheltered closely by their mother.
Standing there all alone question what to do and what I could see. Looking down at all the sort reveales non even being able to see the soft green dumbbell below me. I looked out into the distance thinking to myself I wish I was in a plane flying every solar day then of a sudden my paranoid go interrupted my marvellous models. wherefore I thought to what is it now, what could you possibly want now, Get out of that fucking(a) tree Michael what have I told you about climbing that tree youll decide out and crack your head open one day oh that speak and rave again, I better climb down then in front she bites my head get rid of. I started to climb down the near tower of a tree, another plane flew past, so I looked up at the marvelous war bird an f-111 the thoughts were weighing up in my head shriek I thought, oh s frivol away as I cracked a branch and fell is this what it feels similar to fly as the sharp and course edges ripped the skin of my pegs.My thoughts were stope d with a hard and rather reliving thud as I hit ground, I then got up and thought stupid mother as ravines amounts of crying were relinquished from my look, thats why you dont climb trees said my understood as I slowly crawl up the hill.The long hair of my mother becomes to a greater extent visible every step I take but to my surprise my mothers face was not red with puffs of smoke but a sympathetic look was slapped all over her face as she says are u ok Michael, I didnt know what to do so I equitable walked inside with my condole with mother behind me holding my shoulder.As I went to go to my room my mother suddenly told me to go have a bath and my mind was thinking no water, no not on my cuts, no that will cause more rivers of tears to come gushing from my face, no I said no then my mum came over with some green looking liquified I said to my mum what is that, as the soft words of my mother said this will contribute the cuts get better.I thought yes a success no more pain for me to endure, so I quite graciously swung out my legs for my caring mother to attend to my wounds like a nurse attending to a patient. What the hell are you doing, cutting off my foot for as I realised my mother was pouring the liquid over my cuts, she said it susceptibility sting a bit, oh by god it was stinging it just snarl like she had dropped a cinder block on my leg.Finally the tears stoped and the pain stoped and I looked down at my leg and my mother was calm down pouring the acidic liquid over my leg and I thought yes the pains gone as I finally stopped balling my eyes out from my skull I asked my mum what was that thinking it was some magical liquid that could make any kid cry.She then replied to me that is alcohol it makes your leg better, yea right I thought as I jumped into the bath as quick as I could to wash it off before my leg was all burned off. Then as I emerged from the bath I stuck on some old clothes and thought to myself lets go mood that tree again the n I thought no I never want my mother to use that furious concrete combustion acid on my body ever again.Pondering what else can I do, then in the corner of my eye I spotted the easy in the corner of my eye, yes what a perfect idea as the sunshine started to retreat over the leg amputating trees, so I skipped onto the piano rear ad started tho produce my master piece.I didnt really like the long black keys I only hit the white ones on the edge of the piano so I stared to hack at the keys in some sort of order pleasing myself but that became pretty dumb so I pondered what I could do next I started rocking on my stool back and forth back and forth but suddenly there was no forth as I fell rearward into that flying feeling again.No no no I thought, piquancy as my mum hit me across the head then I thought here comes another lecture not to rock on the stool but then this pulse of pain stuck my thought out of my head ripping through the back of my head.I looked around at the floor r ed hmmm as I realised oh no mums tone ending to put that liquid on my head and burn my head off the thoughts came rushing out of my head in streams of water again.
Saturday, February 23, 2019
In the making of the pip Die Another Day the creators undeniable to bring a piece of work that would machinery on appealing to more an(prenominal) of the audience. They needed to create a film that would be entertaining for the junior generation as new followers of adhesion films, while return keeping the same basic formula that had appealed to the older audience for many years. These films have been in the cinemas for forty years and are the longest runway film serial ever, so this shows the original class of Bond film must work very well.Today each season a Bond film comes out there are increasing thump office receipts, partly due to the popularity of the Brosnan Bond films. Nevertheless, the producers thought that the twentieth Bond film needed a change. Either the film style needed changing or an extra dimension needed to be added. They obdurate to try to keep what they saw as the superior quality of the series of films but to attempt to add more dynamic action an d dare-devil stunts to their loving formula. They felt a need to create more tension and irritation. some(prenominal) special filming techniques help to create tension and excitement.For example a wide variety of soliduss make the audience feel that they have a good overall view of the ice-lake chase because the camera is constantly cutting, permit the audience know exactly whats happening from every angle. Cutting provides a vast variety of shots in a small space of time i. e. distance shots, rapidly followed by close up shots make the audience feel up-to-date and involved in what is happening. It gives fast-moving action by development close-up and distance shots, for example Zaos cool smirk as Bonds car overturns. physique is skillfully used to provide the audience with a snap shot of a characters reaction. For example, when Bonds car is overturned we are shown a close up of Zaos smirking face. I think this successfully makes the audience feel involved. Framing is also use d to emphasize Zaos disbelief as Bond completes to flip the car back over. By adding daredevil action and special effects the producers manage to create the extra tension particularly enjoyed by the fast-action-loving younger generation. whizz reason why the Bond films are so successful is because of the excitement and tension in the films even though everyone knows Bond will save the day, kill the baddy and save anyone else caught up in the action, including his lady friend. Even though we know the basis of what will happen in the film onwards it is premiered at the cinema, we still enjoy the films. I believe that one of the principal(prenominal) reasons for this is the thrill of all the action in the Bond films and the original richly class of Bond movies, which not only made the earlier films a success, but also continues to make their popularity grow.
pagan Differences COM/360 November 12, 2012 The picture Crash (2004) is most(prenominal) a fistful of disparate piles lives intertwined as they fix with the tense dry wash relations that belie life in the city of Los Angelos all oer a thirty-six hour period.All the players involved in the word picture atomic compute 18 a gabardine district attorney, his Caucasic wife who believes her uninspired views be safeified, because theyre non anti fateful deuce contraband carjackers that use their turn tail to their ad traintage twain gabardine police officers, mavin who is racialist and abuses his say-so to non-w chalk upes, and the other who hates his partner for his racist views a cutting word picture director and his erosive wife, who olf dressions her husband does non support their knowlight-emitting diodege market-gardening liberal especi eithery with the wife cosmos violated by the racist collar the twain detectives and sometimes lovers, 1 Lat ino distaff and a black three-year-old-begetting(prenominal) an East Asian man who gets hit by a car, precisely is hiding valuable cargo in his van a Persian remembering owner who feels he is not getting plentiful satisf body process or respect from Ameri good deal community when his investment company is interminably robbed and a Hispanic locksmith who is just trying to livelihood his family safe come in of harms way (Imbd, 2012). apiece separates fib interlocks in some way as they to each bingle crash into nonpargonil another(prenominal) through a series of racist endeavors and stereotypical judgments. H only when argues that e rattling human being is faced with so umteen perceptual stimulisights, sounds, smells, tastes, and bodily sensationsthat it is impossible to pay attention to them every. at that placefore, integrity of the head for the hillss of elaboration is to show a screen between the person and only of those stimuli to indicate what perceptio ns to cross off and how to interpret them (Lustig & Koester, pg. 109, 2012). vestibule splits refinings into high/low context of use of use and describes how high context nicetys use high-context gists where the meaning is implied by physical erectting or presumed to be part of the individuals beliefs, value, norms, and societal practices very little is in the coded message. These cultures include Nipp starse, Afri undersurface the Statesn, Mexi bottomland, and Latino. The low-context cultures prefer to use low-context messages, where the mass of the in wreakation is vested in the manifest code. These cultures include German, Swedish, European Ameri slew, and English (Lustig & Koester, pg. 109, 2012).An sheath of high-context conference is when the two black carjackers interpret the uniform meaning and gestures in all their actions. Their actions do not need to be discussed explicitly because they twain act the identical and carry the sh atomic number 18d lowstan ding based on their relationship. An example of the low-context communicating is when the Hispanic locksmith goes into the tweed attorneys dwelling preindication to fix the locks and deals with the wife. She harasses him on how she needs every statement to be diminutive and all his actions to be accounted for. She is looking for his every move to be distinct and very explicit because she immediately judges his performance and morale on his escape.Hofstedes quintette props were identified in his early re lookup when he came to find which ascendent configurations of a culture can be ordered, these atomic number 18 power fall forbiddengo, hesitancy avoidance, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, and languish- term versus short-term preference to time. His findings assimilate provided an thin synthesis of the relationships between pagan values and mixer looks, which atomic number 18 recognisable through show up this movie. Power dista nce is one dimension believed to be most present throughout the movie Crash. One staple concern to all cultures is the issue of human inequality and knowing that all slew in a culture do not have equal levels of consideration or fond power. A persons power and companionable status depends more(prenominal) upon their culture and things fixs(prenominal) as wealth, age, gender, education, physical strength, etc.As Hofstedes research enunciatees cultures excessively differ in the extent to which they view such(prenominal) status inequalities as good or bad, even out or wrong, just of unjust, and fair or unfair. That is, all cultures have grouchy value orientations intimately the appropriateness or importance of status differences and social hierarchies (Lustig & Koester, pg. 114, 2012). Power distance is extremely transp atomic number 18nt in this movie as far as each persist having their individual degree of institutional and organizational power, and how to progress it . For example, when the two Caucasian grunters pull the black flick maker and his wife over afterward leaving a work party and argon blatantly compete the authority card based on their festinate and job description.The one racist discolour filch violates the black womanhood cover in front of her husband for no app bent reason, duration the husband is do to feel that if he makes one move he w bilious be punished for his actions. Another example is when the Persian store owner walks into the Caucasian males gun store and wants to pervert a gun. He has his daughter with him to help translate and pick the right weapon. As they are exchanges words in their language, the whitened man insults him by referring to him as Osama and tells him to get by his store immediately. The Persian man yells that he is an American citizen and has every right to purchase a gun, the white man replies with, not in my store you dont, now get the fuck out. That of unbelief avoidance is in add ition breakn within the movie from the more foreign cultures that feel they may be presented under the more supreme white rush alongtrack. For example, when the Hispanic locksmith is in the Caucasian attorneys home changing the locks on the doors, the wife flips out on her husband slightly how the locksmith is going to go sell their house keys to his amigos and she wants them changed again. She storms off to the kitchen where she looks up to see the locksmith starring at her with a look of shame. He walks to her counter, drops the spare sets down and expects nothing from her, feels no room to express his feelings to her assumptions.Because of his race he is immediately seen by the dominant race as being untrustworthy and sneaky. Cultural Identity refers to ones palpate of belonging to a particular culture or ethnic group. It is fix in a process that results from membership in a particular culture, and it involves containing intimately and guideing the traditions, heritage , language, theology, ancestry, aesthetics, thinking patterns, and social structures of a culture (Lustig & Koester, pg. 142-43, 2012). The formation of ones pagan individuation is known to form from three distinguishable stages known as unexamined ethnical individuation, cultural identity search, and cultural identity achievement.The first stage is ones cultural characteristics being taken for collapseed and not much interest in exploring cultural issues. The second stage is that of wanting to look and question ones culture in order to learn of the strengths and learn credence of two themselves and their culture. Last stage, is known as being the undefended and convinced(p) stage of acceptance to ones culture and self-identity. In this stage, a person has learned to develop ways of transaction with stereo instances and discrimination as well as being clear about the personal meanings of their culture. passim this film, it is justifiable through all the characters actio ns and perceive self-identity that all three stages are experienced by everyone.A good example is the two black carjackers, in the posening they questionable as to why their bearing caused them to wait over an hour to eat at a eating placethey were paying customers wish well everyone else. The two men began to question their race and cultural backgrounds with one another, where they prepare it justifiable to carjack a white couples vehicle (being the attorney and his wife) when uneven in the streets. Towards the end, it became clear to the one black male that he can accept what cultural identity may be fixated on him, plainly he does not need to follow a associations outlook, he can learn to deal with stereotypes and discrimination.At this breaker brain of his realization, he besidesk the stolen van he had planned to sell, filled with Chinese/Japanese mess, and let them go free with $40 of his own money for them to eat. Cultural alike(p)ity and blandness allows diff erent cultures to reduce that cultural bias facet that many of us suffer from when interacting with people of a different race or culture. It has been pointed out that culture really does exist in the minds of people, still that the consequences of culturethe sared definitionscan be seen in peoples converse behaviors. These provide people with guidelines on how they should behave, and indicate what to expect when interacting with others (Lustig & Koester, pg. 148, 2012).This film indicates how each culture is so self- involved with their own beliefs and cultural patterns that they all have the appearance _or_ semblance as if they are unfamiliar with different cultures surrounding them. This is not the trueness though. Each race and culture is assumed by those who are different because its the unknown, those who act similar to one another share interpretations that lessen uncertainty create predictability, and to a fault stability in their lives. Although, there are several dif ferent scenarios in the movie where interracial mixes are seen working(a) together such as the black and Latino police detectives, the Caucasian attorney working with the police (white and black) about their car being stolen.Although, these type of interactions are solely based on the individuals interpretation of the unknown culture. interaction exclusively within ones culture produces a number of obvious benefits. Because the culture provides predictability, it reduces the threat of the unknown. When something or somebody that is unknown or unpredictable enters a culture, the cultures beliefs, values, norms, and social practices tell people how to interpret and respond appropriately, thus reducing the perceived threat of the impact (Lustig & Koester, pg. 148, 2012). Your beliefs endure your thoughts, thoughts become your words, words become your actions, actions become your habits, habits become your values, values become your destiny. (Mahatma Gandhi).A good example of tru sting those with similar cultural patterns is the white rob and his father The frustrated and racist cop with a chronically ill father who believed, that only a white supervisor or person was competent enough to help him with his ill fathers medical needs (Wolfe, 2010). Another cultural pattern in the film is seen by the two black carjackers, remainsatic and repetitious instead of stochastic and irregular. The two young men and their discussion of why they should be frightened being the only black people in an all-white restaurant, even though they were not, instead others being scared of them because of the color of their skin.This in turn led them both to steal the car because it was expected of their race to steal. communicatory chat can send messages to the receiver just as loud and clear as any verbal communication message. There are many different instances of both these concepts being utilized in the film making each culture really pop out in their identity. communi catory messages can work to either complement or contradict the intend verbal message. They excessively help maintain the back-and-fourth sequencing of conversations, which function to regulate the interaction. Nonverbal messages can also work to substitute for the verbal channel by replacing verbal words. In intercultural communication, difficulties in achieving competence in another verbal code are compounded by variations in the sign-language(a) codes that accompany the spoken word (Lustig & Koester, pg. 200, 2012). An example of nonverbal and verbal message in the film is a message of action that expresses emotion as well as specific information How the racist white cop unprofessionally conducted himself after pulling the black Buddhist film maker and his wife over for a traffic violation. He physically man-handled and shamefully performed his search on the wife up against the vehicle. He sharply communicated that he was in charge and he can do what he wants (Wolfe, 2010).A nother example of nonverbal and verbal communication is toward the end of the movie where the young white cop picks up the young black boy hitchhiking and they begin to discuss where the black guy has been, seeing how he was covered in dirt and indubitable blood spots. The white off duty cop continuously looks him over for evidence, when the boy starts laughing out loud about the statue that was sitting on the cops dashboard. The cop kept asking what was wrong and as the boy went to move over inside his pocket, the cop grew nervous, grabbed for his gun, and shot the boy. Only to acquire that the boy was carrying the same statue that was sitting on the cops dashboard (Wolfe, 2010).The film Crash, is a remarkable, must see film with bravery and honesty in present fear, prejudice and the dismembered baseball club that people live in. It truly expresses the characters in a way that they are able to see the ugliness inside them as well as others who work to redeem themselves after r ealizing their cultural beliefs and ways. This movie is socially classic in teaching its viewers the meaning and emotions tin the lives people realistically walk through on a occasional basis. It teaches the importance of arrangement cultural identity and working through cultural bias. Far too often, people are quick to make judgments but based on someones physical appearance.It is imperative that people learn to accept their cultural identity but be cognisant and respectful of those who are different around them. Initial perspectives, such as those presented by Hall, can be deadly towards others and lead to Hofstedes dimensions that can destroy a relationship in many ways. References Imbd. (2012). Crash. http//www. imdb. com/title/tt0375679/plotsummary Lustig, M. and Koester, J. (2010). Intercultural competence Interpersonal communication across cultures (6th ed. ). Boston, MA Allyn & Bacon Wolfe, J. (2010). Cramberry. Intercultural communication Indentifies in Movie- Crash. https//cramberry. engagement/sets/28641-intercultural-communication-indentifies-in-movie-crash-by-j-wolfeCultural DifferencesEvery kingdom has contributed in shaping the profound muniment of the world. However, there are notable countries that greatly impacted societies today. Among many nations in the world, two countries have a rich cultural background joined States of America and Egypt. Although both countries differ in various aspects, the legacy of both nations in present society cannot be overlooked. As such, the differences and similarities of the said countries are needed to be examined in detail in order to except understand their impact in world societies.United States of America is a federal republic region situated in the North American continent, consisting of 50 states. USA is considered as the third largest and most populous dry land in the world with an estimated population of 303,824,650. Each of the 50 states of USA is further divided up into counties. One of the key features of Americas culture is diversity. Right out front the Europeans and the Africans arrived, United States is already a diverse culture, inhabited by autochthonic American people, who are able to speak 300 different languages.The Europeans and Africans afterward added their own varying culture to Americas diversity (Boehm, 2008). Meanwhile, Egypt is an Arab res publica country, located in the north-eastern part of Africa and the south-western part of Asia. Unlike the USA which is do up of several states, the terrain of Egypt is made of dessert which is divided by the Nile River into two unequal parts, the valley and delta which are the main areas of habitation (Johnson, 2008). Similar to USA, Egypt is also a populous country.It is noted to be the most populous among the Arab regions (Tristam, 2008). In terms of economical perspective USA is known to have a capitalist economy which means that the economic system of the country is controlled by several small gr oups of people. Americas economy benefits a lot in its advanced technology (How the US Economy Works, 2008). Contrary to Americas economy, the Egyptian economy is run and owned by the state, and the countrys government plays a significant role in economic planning.However, just like the USA, Egypts economy is now moving toward a decentralized and market oriented economy, giving further emphasis on foreign investment (Egypt Economy, 2008). This is also due in part with the countrys adoption of advanced technology. The economic prosperity of both nations is reliant on natural resources. Likewise, both countries are consistently acquiring square gains through labor productivity. However, it has been noted that America is currently experiencing reductions in the world-wide value and status of dollars (CIA, 2008).Conversely, Egypts economy is stable and growing. Yet, despite the economic improvements, the country remained in the poor index due to the economys inability to sustain energ y, housing and food to its people (Tristam, 2008). Another point of discussion is centered on the organized religion of each country. The prominent culture in Egypt in terms of apparitional perspective is Islam, while bulk of the American populace adheres to Christianity which is made up various components. Islam and Christianity trace its root to the prophet Abraham.Currently, together with Judaism, Christianity and Islam are three of the greatest monotheistic religion practiced in the world (Ahmad, 2008). The constitution of Egypt stipulates sacred license, but in practice the liberty to choose religion is severely limited. This is because the effectual system in Egypt follows the law of Islam which is known as Sharia. Hence, despite the claim for religious freedom, religious intolerance, and discrimination against other religious groups is still present in Egypt.The law recognizes an individuals conversion to Islam, but the law does not tolerate Islam members to convert in ot her religions (Tristam, 2008). On the other hand, the legal system and religion in America are different set of entities. USA has a tradition of religious tolerance and each individual has the total freedom to choose their religions. The freedom to exercise the choice of religion is incorporated in the US constitutions first amendment. Christianity is the astray practiced religion in the United States. However, there is other religious influence permeating in the United States.Still, it is claimed that despite the differences Americans remained religious (Religion, 2008). Islam is govern by the notion of conservativeness and honor. Such notion strictly applies among all the Egyptians but especially for the women. Egyptian women are expected to behave and dress modestly. Thus, women who intermit themselves by dressing inappropriately, having a loud voice and sensual behavior within the public eye is regarded as a dishonor to their hosts and kin, and is therefore considered as an i nsult to their families (Egyptian View point, 2000).Because religion and state functions are separate in the US, Americans especially the women are enjoying their freedom in terms of personal choice of clothing, although there are also Christian groups in America that require appropriate dressing during perform services. Despite of the traditional belief in the value of marriage, American society practice and fully recognizes divorce. Islam, on the other hand, although discourages such action, does permit and grant divorce upon the initiation of either the husband or wife (Ahmad, 2008). homo rights mag internetic disk is also a distinct characteristic between the two countries. Egypts human rights records are poor and showed little improvements in the past years. Egyptian prisons are known for notorious tortures and arbitrary detentions. Torture is not only inflicted among political dissents, but also among ordinary people who were detained due to midget crimes (Human Rights Watc h, 2005). Likewise, women and street children are also violated and non-governmental and political organizations are under the unwarranted control of the government.In addition, the creation of associations is heavily guarded and engagement in political unions is subject to penalties (Human Rights Watch, 2005). United States has long recognized itself as an impressive advocate of human rights worldwide and a country that puts into action what it preaches. However, such picture has never been perfect, and Americas reputation is undermined by the long standing presence of institutionalized discrimination and the reported coercive interrogative mood and maltreatment of the detainees in Afghanistan (Human Rights Watch, 2005).Apparently, Egypt and the United States share little resemblance and myriads of differences. Each country presented cultural backgrounds that are at some point enticing and at times were not. However, whatever similarities and differences that each country has, i t is with no interrogative that each has managed to influence different nations with their rich cultural background. References Ahmad, S. (2008). Islam in a nutshell. Tour Egypt. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//www. touregypt. net/featurestories/islam. htm. Boehm, R. (2008). United States Geography. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia.Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//encarta. msn. com/text_1741500822___0/United_States_Geography. html Central Intelligence potency (CIA). (2008). United States. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from https//www. cia. gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us. html. Egypt Economy. (2008). Infoplease. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//www. infoplease. com/ce6/world/A0857909. html Egyptian view-point. (2000, June 01). Tour Egypt. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//www. touregypt. net/magazine/mag06012000/mag6. htm. How the U. S. economy works. (2008). US Info.Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//usinfo. state. gov/products/p ubs/oecon/chap2. htm. Human Rights Watch. World Report. New York Human rights watch, 2005. Johnson, D. (2008). Egypt. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//encarta. msn. com/encyclopedia_761557408/Egypt. html. Religion. (2008). Just Landed. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//www. justlanded. com/english/USA/Tools/Articles/Culture/Religion. Tristam, P. (2008). Egypt Country profile. About. com. Retrieved November 14, 2008 from http//middleeast. about. com/od/egypt/p/me080116. htm.Cultural DifferencesCultural Differences COM/360 November 12, 2012 The movie Crash (2004) is about a handful of disparate peoples lives intertwined as they deal with the tense race relations that belie life in the city of Los Angelos over a thirty-six hour period.All the players involved in the movie are a Caucasian district attorney, his Caucasian wife who believes her stereotypical views are justified, therefore theyre not racist two black carjackers that use the ir race to their advantage two Caucasian police officers, one who is racist and abuses his authority to non-whites, and the other who hates his partner for his racist views a black film director and his black wife, who feels her husband does not support their own culture enough especially with the wife being violated by the racist cop the two detectives and sometimes lovers, one Hispanic female and a black male an East Asian man who gets hit by a car, but is hiding valuable cargo in his van a Persian store owner who feels he is not getting enough satisfaction or respect from American society when his store is continuously robbed and a Hispanic locksmith who is just trying to keep his family safe out of harms way (Imbd, 2012). Each persons story interlocks in some way as they all crash into one another through a series of racist endeavors and stereotypical judgments. Hall argues that every human being is faced with so many perceptual stimulisights, sounds, smells, tastes, and bodily sensationsthat it is impossible to pay attention to them all.Therefore, one of the functions of culture is to provide a screen between the person and all of those stimuli to indicate what perceptions to notice and how to interpret them (Lustig & Koester, pg. 109, 2012). Hall splits cultures into high/low context and describes how high context cultures use high-context messages where the meaning is implied by physical setting or presumed to be part of the individuals beliefs, values, norms, and social practices very little is in the coded message. These cultures include Japanese, African American, Mexican, and Latino. The low-context cultures prefer to use low-context messages, where the majority of the information is vested in the explicit code. These cultures include German, Swedish, European American, and English (Lustig & Koester, pg. 109, 2012).An example of high-context communication is when the two black carjackers interpret the same meaning and gestures in all their actions. Their actions do not need to be discussed explicitly because they both act the same and carry the shared understanding based on their relationship. An example of the low-context communication is when the Hispanic locksmith goes into the Caucasian attorneys house to fix the locks and deals with the wife. She harasses him on how she needs every statement to be precise and all his actions to be accounted for. She is looking for his every move to be overt and very explicit because she immediately judges his performance and morale on his race.Hofstedes five dimensions were identified in his early research when he came to find which dominant patterns of a culture can be ordered, these are power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, and long- term versus short-term orientation to time. His findings have provided an excellent synthesis of the relationships between cultural values and social behaviors, which are identifiable throug hout this movie. Power distance is one dimension believed to be most present throughout the movie Crash. One basic concern to all cultures is the issue of human inequality and knowing that all people in a culture do not have equal levels of status or social power. A persons power and social status depends more upon their culture and things such as wealth, age, gender, education, physical strength, etc.As Hofstedes research expresses cultures also differ in the extent to which they view such status inequalities as good or bad, right or wrong, just of unjust, and fair or unfair. That is, all cultures have particular value orientations about the appropriateness or importance of status differences and social hierarchies (Lustig & Koester, pg. 114, 2012). Power distance is extremely visible in this movie as far as each race having their individual degree of institutional and organizational power, and how to distribute it. For example, when the two Caucasian cops pull the black film maker and his wife over after leaving a work party and are blatantly playing the authority card based on their race and job description.The one racist white cop violates the black woman right in front of her husband for no apparent reason, while the husband is made to feel that if he makes one move he will be punished for his actions. Another example is when the Persian store owner walks into the Caucasian males gun store and wants to buy a gun. He has his daughter with him to help translate and pick the right weapon. As they are exchanges words in their language, the white man insults him by referring to him as Osama and tells him to leave his store immediately. The Persian man yells that he is an American citizen and has every right to purchase a gun, the white man replies with, not in my store you dont, now get the fuck out. That of uncertainty avoidance is also seen within the movie from the more foreign cultures that feel they may be presented under the more dominant white race. For example, when the Hispanic locksmith is in the Caucasian attorneys home changing the locks on the doors, the wife flips out on her husband about how the locksmith is going to go sell their house keys to his amigos and she wants them changed again. She storms off to the kitchen where she looks up to see the locksmith starring at her with a look of shame. He walks to her counter, drops the spare sets down and expects nothing from her, feels no room to express his feelings to her assumptions.Because of his race he is immediately seen by the dominant race as being untrustworthy and sneaky. Cultural Identity refers to ones sense of belonging to a particular culture or ethnic group. It is formed in a process that results from membership in a particular culture, and it involves learning about and accepting the traditions, heritage, language, religion, ancestry, aesthetics, thinking patterns, and social structures of a culture (Lustig & Koester, pg. 142-43, 2012). The formation of ones cul tural identity is known to form from three different stages known as unexamined cultural identity, cultural identity search, and cultural identity achievement.The first stage is ones cultural characteristics being taken for granted and not much interest in exploring cultural issues. The second stage is that of wanting to explore and question ones culture in order to learn of the strengths and learn acceptance of both themselves and their culture. Last stage, is known as being the clear and confident stage of acceptance to ones culture and self-identity. In this stage, a person has learned to develop ways of dealing with stereotypes and discrimination as well as being clear about the personal meanings of their culture. Throughout this film, it is justifiable through all the characters actions and perceived self-identity that all three stages are experienced by everyone.A good example is the two black carjackers, in the beginning they questionable as to why their appearance caused the m to wait over an hour to eat at a restaurantthey were paying customers like everyone else. The two men began to question their race and cultural backgrounds with one another, where they found it justifiable to carjack a white couples vehicle (being the attorney and his wife) when spotted in the streets. Towards the end, it became clear to the one black male that he can accept what cultural identity may be fixated on him, but he does not need to follow a societys outlook, he can learn to deal with stereotypes and discrimination.At this point of his realization, he took the stolen van he had planned to sell, filled with Chinese/Japanese people, and let them go free with $40 of his own money for them to eat. Cultural similarity and fluency allows different cultures to reduce that cultural bias aspect that many of us suffer from when interacting with people of a different race or culture. It has been pointed out that culture really does exist in the minds of people, but that the conseq uences of culturethe sared interpretationscan be seen in peoples communication behaviors. These provide people with guidelines on how they should behave, and indicate what to expect when interacting with others (Lustig & Koester, pg. 148, 2012).This film indicates how each culture is so self- involved with their own beliefs and cultural patterns that they all seem as if they are unfamiliar with different cultures surrounding them. This is not the truth though. Each race and culture is assumed by those who are different because its the unknown, those who act similar to one another share interpretations that reduced uncertainty create predictability, and also stability in their lives. Although, there are several different scenarios in the movie where interracial mixes are seen working together such as the black and Latino police detectives, the Caucasian attorney working with the police (white and black) about their car being stolen.Although, these type of interactions are solely base d on the individuals interpretation of the unknown culture. Interaction only within ones culture produces a number of obvious benefits. Because the culture provides predictability, it reduces the threat of the unknown. When something or someone that is unknown or unpredictable enters a culture, the cultures beliefs, values, norms, and social practices tell people how to interpret and respond appropriately, thus reducing the perceived threat of the intrusion (Lustig & Koester, pg. 148, 2012). Your beliefs become your thoughts, thoughts become your words, words become your actions, actions become your habits, habits become your values, values become your destiny. (Mahatma Gandhi).A good example of trusting those with similar cultural patterns is the white cop and his father The frustrated and racist cop with a chronically ill father who believed, that only a white supervisor or person was competent enough to help him with his ill fathers medical needs (Wolfe, 2010). Another cultural pattern in the film is seen by the two black carjackers, systematic and repetitive instead of random and irregular. The two young men and their discussion of why they should be scared being the only black people in an all-white restaurant, even though they were not, instead others being scared of them because of the color of their skin.This in turn led them both to steal the car because it was expected of their race to steal. Nonverbal communication can send messages to the receiver just as loud and clear as any verbal communication message. There are many different instances of both these concepts being utilized in the film making each culture really pop out in their identity. Nonverbal messages can work to either complement or contradict the intended verbal message. They also help maintain the back-and-fourth sequencing of conversations, which function to regulate the interaction. Nonverbal messages can also work to substitute for the verbal channel by replacing verbal words. In intercultural communication, difficulties in achieving competence in another verbal code are compounded by variations in the nonverbal codes that accompany the spoken word (Lustig & Koester, pg. 200, 2012). An example of nonverbal and verbal message in the film is a message of action that expresses emotion as well as specific information How the racist white cop unprofessionally conducted himself after pulling the black Buddhist film maker and his wife over for a traffic violation. He physically man-handled and shamefully performed his search on the wife up against the vehicle. He aggressively communicated that he was in charge and he can do what he wants (Wolfe, 2010).Another example of nonverbal and verbal communication is toward the end of the movie where the young white cop picks up the young black boy hitchhiking and they begin to discuss where the black guy has been, seeing how he was covered in dirt and visible blood spots. The white off duty cop continuously looks him over f or evidence, when the boy starts laughing out loud about the statue that was sitting on the cops dashboard. The cop kept asking what was wrong and as the boy went to reach inside his pocket, the cop grew nervous, grabbed for his gun, and shot the boy. Only to realize that the boy was carrying the same statue that was sitting on the cops dashboard (Wolfe, 2010).The film Crash, is a remarkable, must see film with bravery and honesty in showing fear, prejudice and the dismembered society that people live in. It truly expresses the characters in a way that they are able to see the ugliness inside them as well as others who work to redeem themselves after realizing their cultural beliefs and ways. This movie is socially important in teaching its viewers the meaning and emotions behind the lives people realistically walk through on a daily basis. It teaches the importance of understanding cultural identity and working through cultural bias. Far too often, people are quick to make judgment s simply based on someones physical appearance.It is imperative that people learn to accept their cultural identity but be mindful and respectful of those who are different around them. Initial perspectives, such as those presented by Hall, can be deadly towards others and lead to Hofstedes dimensions that can destroy a relationship in many ways. References Imbd. (2012). Crash. http//www. imdb. com/title/tt0375679/plotsummary Lustig, M. and Koester, J. (2010). Intercultural competence Interpersonal communication across cultures (6th ed. ). Boston, MA Allyn & Bacon Wolfe, J. (2010). Cramberry. Intercultural communication Indentifies in Movie- Crash. https//cramberry. net/sets/28641-intercultural-communication-indentifies-in-movie-crash-by-j-wolfe